To Begin With: Most that you hear about EV's is wrong... See EV Misinformation Page.
See also EV Charging Everywhere Page for background.
Charging While Parked: All EV owners know, and now the Maryland Governor's EV Infrastructure Council has determined that 97% of Electric Vehicle (EV) charging at-work (or play) can be satisfied by simply plugging EV's into standard 120V outlets while parked. With more and more people considering driving an EV for local travel and commuting, we need to be ready for this new clean energy transportation. In stewardship of the Earth and in testimony to peace to prevent future wars over diminishing oil supplies, many churches have added Charging Outlet signs over their existing outdoor outlets. For example, the Annapolis Friends Meeting outlets shown below.
The images that follow show a number of locations at churches, civic organizations, scout camps and other locations where the owners have existing outdoor outlets and are happy to see them used for the progress towards an emission free society.
Severna Park Baptist Church and Montessouri International Childrens's House (Arnold)
Annapolis St. Marys Catholic Church and St. John Neuman's: Both churches have at least one available outlet that is ideally located in a highly visible locations but some distance away from the building entrances. These kinds of locations are ideal for EV charging because it improves the chances that the spot will not be occupied by some gas car blocking access to the EV in need.
Country Club Estates, Glen Burnie Swimming Pool: This sign is particularly valuable for the education of the public because it has posted the actual cost to charge. The cost of 25 cents an hour can easily be collected by the Lifeguard who has to collect a swimming fee or log everyone through the gate anyway. She just twists a timer from 1 to 4 hours depending on the fee paid. The actual cost of electricity is only 20 cents and hour for an EV, so the extra 5 cent handling fee (tip) was part of the incentive to make up for the life guard time and effort.
Girl Scout Camps at Ilchester and Whippoorwill: Bill Ensor of the Girl Scouts of Central Maryland has tentatively given permission to place EV Signs at all the camps in Maryland where outlets exist. So far, these are the sites we have found.
Baltimore Washington Medical Center: Our biggest success with respect to the largest number of outlets was with the BWMC. Not only did they install a few signs, but even added a few outlet circuits to support a total of 4 charging outlets. These outlets are on the 4th through 6th floors, again to improve the chances that they will not be blocked by inconsiderate gas car drivers.
HOTELS: Hotels are a great place for using 120v outlets for charging because the guests stay overnight. And overnight any EV can gain from 40 to 50 miles of range from an existing outlet. Here is a photo of one of the first Hotels, OCallaghan's in Annapolis to hang a sign over their outlet right at ther front door.
Why 120v Charging is so important for the adoption of Electric Vehicles: The remainder of this page fills in the backgroun on why so much of this EV charging is m isunderstood. This info is mostly gleaned from the EV Misinformation Page.
Simplicity: These are simple outdoor 120v outlets, but they are still capable of adding about 16 to 20 miles range to an EV while parked for about 4 hours. There is too much media focus on fast-charging an EV in the shortest possible time, using expensive fast chargers (Level-2). This is an unfortunate and misleading legacy of gas cars which must be inconveniently refueled while we are using them. On the other hand, EV's are conveniently refueled while parked. Since the typical car sits parked for more than 21 hours a day usually at home, at-work, at-church or at-play, just plugging it in while parked is a great way to preserve the battery at a fully charged state and ready for maximum range for every trip. The cost is only about 20 cents an hour and is easily met with a few quarters donated to the cause.
Convenience: Having the plug-in outlets encourages people to not fear an EV for their next car purchase. Having outlets both at-home, at-work, at-church and at-play effectively doubles the range of plug-ins by allowing the EV owner to charge during the day at work as well as at home and to pick up a few miles at play. See also the web page on EV Charging Everywhere for more info on using existing 120v outlets for convenient charging.
Cost: As shown here, simple 120 volt outdoor outlets placed conveniently at home, at work or anywhewre else can accomplish nearly all of EV charging needs. Fully 78 percent of most commuters can charge in under 5 hours at work or home and the typical 10 mile or less recreational visit can be replenished in 2 hours or so for two quarters donation. Not only for the designated visitors, these outlets can serve as good Sumaritans to assist those EV drivers who may need an emergency charge just to get home. For this reason,several of these charging outlets are listed on a national EV charger locator. Further, these simple 120v outlets cannot be abused, since it would take nearly 10 hours just to steal about $2 worth of electricity.
Public Charging is rarely needed: This installation shows the simplicity of using EV's for our daily transportation. There is too much emphasis on expensive high-voltage fast-chargers for EV's, considering that most people who purchase EV's never intend on driving them across country or far from their local area commute anyway. The EV is ideal for the regular commuter who goes to work and home every day and plugs into her home outlet overnight. Even there, there is no need for a big expensive charger, just a standard outlet in the garage is suitable to provide a modest daily commute (30-40 miles) after overnight charging.
A Battery is not a Tank! We are saddled with a century and more than four generations of Gas-Tank and Public-Gas-Station thinking. We must forget this old legacy and realize that a Battery is not a gas tank. Gas cars drive-to-empty and then fill-to-full at special public-gas-stations as shown in red here. But EV's can charge anywhere-at-anytime from any-outlet. And so the EV usage model is more like a lap-top or other battery tool which is left on charge whenever parked so that it is fully charged at the start of every trip. One never has to find a public charge station beacuse each trip can be replenished the next time the car is conveniently parked!
Charging Ubiquity and Value: The promise of the EV and the top two values of the EV to the owner are its complete independence from foreign Oil and also its lower Total-Cost-of Ownership (TCO). But not only does it promise freedom from oil, but also freedom from the gas pump and the public gas station model since she can charge practically anywhere there is an outlet. But this also ties into TCO. Electricity at home, overnight is cheap, at work during the day it is higher, but the cost to use a Fast-Charger at a Public Charging Station will be 2 to 4 times the normal cost of electricity. The expectation that people will routinely flock to public chargers is about as likely as people driving to Washington DC to fill up on $12/gal gasoline. It will not happen.
How to Pay at-work: The public charger is a backup and a security blanket that is needed for peace-of-mind, but it is not the model of routine daily usage of the EV. We simply need to get 120v outlets everywhere we park and put up the signs to show who to pay. Statistically a typical commuter charge during the day costs about a dollar; so a month of daily charging only costs about $20... about what some people have to pay for a single day to park their gas-guzzer in Washington DC. Employers can easily devise a sticker or placard system as shown here that employees can buy in advance to give them authority to plug into these convenience outlets per month. This is a no cost initiative, since most parking lots already have several convenience outlets scattered about. All the employees need is the means to pay in advance to gain permission to plug in.
The EV Charging Everywhere page has more details on this topic and a link where to purchase a sign for your church parking lot.